A Lesson on Color


More Free Floral Instructions

Color is very difficult to define.  When learning color, there are three basic properties
which make up the color's name.  They are hue, value and intensity.

Hue - The property that gives the color it's name. 
Value - The lightness or darkness of the hue (or color).
Intensity - Refers to the brightness of a hue (or color).

Depending on the computer you use and the other factors, the colors on these wheels may vary.

  This wheel shows Primary Colors
The reason they are called Primary Colors is because all other hues (or colors) on the color wheel is created using these hues.

Red - Yellow and Blue

  This wheel shows Secondary Colors
Secondary hues (or colors) are created by combining two primary colors.

Green (Created by mixing Yellow and Blue)
Orange (Created by mixing Red and Yellow)
Purple (Created by mixing Blue and Red)

  This wheel shows intermediate colors.
Intermediate colors are created by mixing a primary with an adjacent secondary color.


  This wheel shows all the above colors.  

With just a little work, you will learn what flowers to use for different bouquets.  The effect they have and more.


Value we stated above is the lightness or darkness in a hue or color.  For instance, when mixing paint, adding white adds lightness, adding black adds darkness.  

Black darkens a color and produces a shade.  White lightens a color and produces a tint.

For example:  Red carnations in a black container with dark greenery will look lighter.  Take the same red carnations in a white container with little greenery and white filler flowers, the red carnation will look larger.

  Intensity - Refers the the brightness or concentration of a hue or color.  If you add gray or a color  opposite on the color wheel, called a complementary color, it will produce what is called a tone or neutralized version.

Example:  You might think a bouquet with bright yellow flowers is too intense.  By adding purple flowers (which is a color opposite on the color wheel) this will help tone down the yellow in the bouquet..  

Examples:  Green foliage behind red roses will help tone down the red.  Blue larkspur used in a bouquet with orange carnations will help to tone down the bouquet.

  Warm Colors - Red, Orange, Yellow and Various Colors Containing these three hues or colors.

Cool Colors - Green, Blue and Purple (or Violet) and colors mainly containing these three hues or colors.

Mixing warm and cool colored flowers in a bouquet will add visual excitement because it increases depth in your bouqet.

Individual Colors - Most people have a favorite color and it is much easier to arrange flowers using their colors if you know them.  Colors are also known to evoke moods and feelings and appeal to the emotions.  This is why it is so important to work to find the individual color if possible.

Since we want this page to load quickly, we will continue our lesson on color on page 2.


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Last Revised: May, 2006
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